Mathura (MTJ): BJP MP Hema Malini today said that she wants Mathura railway station to be developed in such a way that it reflects birthplace of Lord Krishna.
“Mathura railway station should be a blend of heritage look with modernisation like escalator and better waiting rooms for general class passengers. Instead of taking rest on the ground, the passengers in general waiting rooms should be provided benches,” Malini said.
“Mathura station must be developed in such a way that it reflects birthplace of Lord Krishna,” she added.
She was here to inaugurate third entry systems with ticket booking facility at Mathura station.
Stressing on the need to make the station neat and clean, she appealed to the passengers not to spit on the pillars.
Appreciating the catering system, the MP said that for other facilities she would discuss with the Railway Minister.
The MP suggested that more coaches should be added to trains running between Mathura and Vrindavan.
Agra’s Divisional Railway Manager Prabhash Kumar said that he will try to get funds from MPLAD for giving heritage look to Mathura station.
“I will try to get amount from Member of Parliament Local Area Development (MPLAD) fund for giving heritage look to Mathura station,” Kumar said.
“For maintaining cleanliness at Mathura station, washing apron system of boulders is in operation,” he said.
He refuted the charge of mass cancellation of tickets owing to Gujjar agitation.
“While most of the trains are commuting on Agra-Bina-Nagda route, few are passing through Bandikui and Jaipur,” he said.
He informed that the work of 113 rail underbridges and overbridges in Agra division has been given green signal by the Ministry of Railways.
Clearance has also been received for connecting circulating area with platform number 2 and 4, the DRM said.
Mathura is a city in the North Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is located approximately 50 kilometres north of Agra, and 145 kilometres south-east of Delhi; about 11 kilometres from the town of Vrindavan, and 22 kilometres from Govardhan. Mathura is a city in the North Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is located approximately 50 kilometres (31 mi) north of Agra, and 145 kilometres (90 mi) south-east of Delhi; about 11 kilometres (6.8 mi) from the town of Vrindavan, and 22 kilometres (14 mi) from Govardhan. It is the administrative centre of Mathura District of Uttar Pradesh. During the ancient period, Mathura was an economic hub, located at the junction of important caravan routes. The 2011 census of India estimated the population of Mathura to be 441,894.
Mathura is the birthplace of Krishna at the centre of Braj or Brij-bhoomi, called Shri Krishna Janma-Bhoomi, literally: ‘Lord Krishna’s birthplace’. It is one of the seven cities (Sapta Puri) considered holy by Hindus. The Keshav Dev Temple was built in ancient times on the site of Krishna’s birthplace (an underground prison). Mathura was the capital of the Surasena Kingdom, ruled by Kansa the maternal uncle of Krishna.
Mathura has been chosen as one of the heritage cities for HRIDAY – Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana scheme of Government of India.
History of Mathura
Mathura has an ancient history. According to the Archeological Survey of India plaque at the Mathura Museum, the city is mentioned in the oldest Indian epic, the Ramayana. In the epic, the Ikshwaku prince Shatrughna slays a demon called Lavanasura and claims the land. Afterwards, the place came to be known as Madhuvan as it was thickly wooded, then Madhupura and later Mathura.
In the 6th century BC Mathura became the capital of the Surasena mahajanapadha (Mahajanapadhas are none other than the States under the Magadha Kingdom. There were 16 Mahajanapadhas in the Indian sub-continent during Magadha rule). The city was later ruled by the Maurya empire (4th to 2nd centuries BCE) and the Sunga dynasty (2nd century BCE). It may have come under the control of Indo-Greeks some time between 180 BCE and 100 BCE. It then reverted to local rule before being conquered by the Indo-Scythians during the 1st century BCE.
Mathuran art and culture reached its zenith under the Kushan dynasty which had Mathura as one of their capitals, the other being Purushapura (Peshawar). The dynasty had kings with the names of Kujula Kadphises, Kanishka, Huvishkaand Vasudeva I.
Megasthenes, writing in the early 3rd century BCE, mentions Mathura as a great city under the name Μέθορα (Méthora).
The Indo-Scythians (aka Sakas or Shakas) conquered the area of Mathura over Indian kings around 60 BCE.
The findings of ancient stone inscriptions in Maghera, a town 17 kilometres (11 mi) from Mathura, provide historical artifacts giving more details on this era of Mathura. The opening of the 3 line text of these inscriptions are in Brahmi script and were translated as: “In the 116th year of the Greek kings…”
The Mathura Lion Capital inscriptions attest that Mathura fell under the control of the Sakas. The inscriptions contain references to Kharaosta Kamuio and Aiyasi Kamuia. Yuvaraja Kharostes (Kshatrapa) was the son of Arta, as is attested by his own coins.
Arta is stated to be brother of King Moga or Maues. Princess Aiyasi Kambojaka, also called Kambojika, was the chief queen of Shaka Mahakshatrapa Rajuvula. Kamboja presence in Mathura is also verified from some verses of the epic, the Mahabharata, which are believed to have been composed around this period.
The Indo-Scythian satraps of Mathura are sometimes called the “Northern Satraps”, as opposed to the “Western Satraps” ruling in Gujarat and Malwa. After Rajuvula, several successors are known to have ruled as vassals to theKushans, such as the “Great Satrap” Kharapallana and the “Satrap” Vanaspara, who are known from an inscription discovered in Sarnath, and dated to the 3rd year of Kanishka (c 130 CE), in which they were paying allegiance to the Kushans.
Mathura served as one of the Kushan Empire’s two capitals from the first to the third centuries.
Fa Xian mentions the city, as a centre of Buddhism about A.D. 400; while his successor Xuanzang, who visited the city in 634 CE, which he mentions as Mot’ulo, and said that it contained twenty Buddhist monasteries and five Brahmanical temples. Later, he went east to Thanesar, Jalandhar in the eastern Punjab, before climbing up to visit predominantlyTheravada monasteries in the Kulu valley and turning southward again to Bairat and then Mathura, on the Yamuna river.
The city was sacked and many of its temples destroyed by Mahmud of Ghazni in 1018 and again by Sikandar Lodhi, who ruled the Sultanate of Delhi from 1489 to 1517. Sikander Lodhi earned the epithet of ‘Butt Shikan’, the ‘Destroyer of Hindu deities’. The Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb, built the city’s Jami Masjid (Friday mosque). Surprisingly, across the length and breadth of the country, many of the mosques were built by Muslim rulers either by destroying the ancient temples or converting the existing structures. However the noteworthy fact is that the exact place of birth of Krishna,according to historians is in the place of worship of the Hindus, though the mosque was built near the birthplace of Krishna. The bigger Krishna shrine, better known as Dwarkadeesh temple is a few metres away from what is believed to be the actual birthplace of Krishna, was built in 1815 by Seth Gokuldas Parikh, Treasurer of Gwalior.
Development of Railway Network in and around Mathura during British era
Britishers laid the railway lines in India way back 1851 A.D. While laying the railway lines, many relics of historical and archaeological importance were found in and around the Mathura railway section. The artifacts were belonging to the age of 6th Century B.C. to 16th Century B.C. as was identified by various historians and archaeologists from time to time. It was notified in the Gazette that most of the rich artifacts of historical and archaeological importance were moved to London by various British officers between 1870-1898. Recently a personal diary of a French businessmen was identified in Paris Museum which accounts a failed businesss deal to move the artifacts from Mathura to London. The diary speaks about the French businessmen who visited Mathura, Agra, Delhi and south Indian states in 1893 A.D. accounted that he had detailed negotiations on the tariff for moving the 19 large containers from Mathura to Mumbai on road, and then to Manchester (England) by ship at a specific cost component with delivery timelines, but the deal was eventually cancelled by the Presidency for the reasons unknown, it describes… further stating that the British did not go with the proceedings of the meetings owing to the fact that the artifacts are of utmost value in terms of antique nature, historical and architecture. The consignment included the carvings made out of gold, diamonds and silver, leave alone the other invaluable artifacts, it states.