As many as 10.68 lakh crime cases were reported by the railway protection force (RPF) in 2016, up from 9.42 lakh the previous year, according to data compiled by the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB).
NEW DELHI: As many as 10.68 lakh crime cases were reported by the railway protection force (RPF) in 2016, up from 9.42 lakh the previous year, according to data compiled by the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB). Maharashtra topped the list with 2,23,360 reported cases (or 20.9 per cent of the total cases) in 2016. The state had reported 1,96,602 cases in 2015, reveals the annual crime data recorded by the central agency. In Uttar Pradesh, 1,24,720 crime cases (or 11.7 per cent of the total crime cases) were registered by the RPF last year, up from 1,06,577 in 2015, the data shows. Delhi reported 24,293 cases in 2016, a sharp surge from 15,083 in the previous year.
The RPF works directly under the Ministry of Railways and its primary responsibility is to safeguard railway properties, including rolling stock, the permanent way and station or yard premises from damage or sabotage. It is the RPF’s responsibility to investigate incidents of vandalism, theft, etc. of railway assets and the properties. The Government Railway Police (GRP) on the other hand works under the respective state governments under whose jurisdiction they are posted and their primary responsibility is maintaining law and order and ensuring passengers safety on board trains and on railway property. The GRP concerns itself with robberies or other criminal incidents on board trains or on railway premises, missing persons, injuries or deaths in connection with the railways, and has police powers in each state to arrest persons, register criminal cases, etc. According to the NCRB data, the GRP in 2016 registered a total of 61,952 cases of crimes including those of theft, robbery, rape, rioting, kidnapping and arson, up from 53,547 the previous year.
Uttar Pradesh, which accounted for 19.6 per cent of these cases — nearly one in every five incidents — reported 10,918 criminal activities in 2016. The country’s most populous state had reported 7,168 cases in 2015. Maharashtra (17.4 per cent) is followed by Madhya Pradesh (12 per cent) in the list of such cases, the NCRB data says. Delhi reported 4,368 cases — 10.2 per cent — in 2016, up from 3,389 the previous year, it adds. A total of 112 cases of rioting were reported in 2016 of which the maximum 27 were from Haryana, followed by UP (15) and Jammu and Kashmir (14). A total of 236 cases of murder were reported in 2016 of which the maximum 30 were from Bihar, jointly followed by UP and West Bengal (24 each).
A total of 79 cases of rape were reported in 2016 of which the maximum 18 were from Madhya Pradesh, followed by Maharashtra (15). UP and Delhi both reported seven such cases last year. A total of 33,682 cases of theft were reported in 2016 of which the maximum were from Maharashtra (6,551), followed by UP (6,483), MP (4,317) and Delhi (3,837). A total of 1,069 cases of robbery were reported in 2016 of which the maximum 381 were from UP, followed by Maharashtra (205), MP (107) and Delhi (60), according to the data.
National Crime Records Bureau, an attached office of Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India was established in 1986 with a mandate to empower Indian Police with information technology solutions and criminal intelligence to enable them to enforce the law effectively.
The computerization of the police forces in India started in 1971. NCRB started CCIS in the year 1995, CIPA in 2004 and finally CCTNS in 2009. The CCTNS connects approximately 12794 police stations and 6000 higher offices in the country.
CCTNS once fully functional, will allow search for a criminal / suspect on a national data base apart from providing various services to the citizens through Citizen Portal.
In future, it is also proposed to connect Police, Courts, Prosecution, Prisons and Forensic Labs into an Interoperable Criminal Justice System (ICJS) for facilitating data exchange between the various pillars of criminal justice system.
NCRB also compiles and publishes National Crime Statistics i.e. Crime in India, Accidental Deaths & Suicides, Prison Statistics and Finger Prints. These publications serve as principal reference points by policy makers, police, criminologists, researchers and media both in India and abroad.
NCRB has also floated various IT based Public Services like, Vahan Samanvyay (online Motor Vehicle Matching), Talash (matching of missing persons and dead bodies). In addition, NCRB also maintains Counterfeit Currency Information and Management System (FICN) and Colour Portrait Building System (CBPS).
NCRB has recently received “Digital India Award 2016-Silver Open Data Championship” from the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology, Government of India for uploading of Crime Statistics since 1965 on website.
The Central Finger Print Bureau established in 1955, is also embedded in NCRB and is a national repository of all fingerprints in the country and has more than one million ten digit finger prints data base of criminals (both convicted and arrested), provides for search facility on FACTS (Fingerprint Analysis and Criminal Tracing System). It is proposed to upgrade to NAFIS in near future so that police stations will be able to send finger prints/ fire queries directly online to NCRB.
NCRB also assists various States in capacity building in the area of Finger Prints, CCTNS, Network security and Digital Forensics through its training centers in Delhi and Kolkata. NCRB has conducted more than 750 training programmes and trained approximately 16000 officers till date including foreign law enforcement officers (1366 foreign officers from 93 countries).
The Bureau looks forward to fostering of partnership with universities, researchers, NGOs and public.