Railways has prepared and circulated a comprehensive disaster management plan which not only focuses on accidents, but on a whole range of disasters including terrorist acts and natural disasters. It relies on modern technology.
The plan, which has been made public recently, has worked out detailed methodology for the prevention of such situations like increased rush at stations during festivals or floods and earthquakes. The Disaster Management Plan-2013, which conforms to the guidelines of the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) and the Disaster Management Act 2005, relies heavily on modern technology for prevention, mitigation and rescue and relief.
According to the plan, the Integrated Security System being installed at 195 important stations of the country will be equipped with video analytics that will give alert when the crowd density will reach the prescribed limit at a station. The plan provides for co-ordination with state administration for prior information on crowd movement. In addition to Integrated Surveillance System with CCTV cameras under an Internet protocol, bomb detection and other facilities are to be made available at these stations.
The plan has given a major role to the Railway Protection Force (RPF). It provides for constituting a disaster management team at the divisional level with 15 RPF personnel. A quick reaction team (QRT) is also to be there at the zonal level. The teams are being trained by the National Security Guard (NSG) in techniques including bomb detection and its disposal. The Plan-2013 envisages an emergency communication system which would not be relying on GPS, GSMR which support mobile telephony and which have uneven signal strength in various regions. Instead of depending on revenue earning models followed by service providers, the plan recommends using ISRO 3C satellite communication system for updating imagery for 45 minutes or so of accident sites.