Tibet-Nepal-India Rail line across the Himalayas is feasible: China

“The construction of a railway crossing the Himalayan mountains is now economically and technologically feasible,” Zong Gang, Deputy Director of the Science and Technology Department at Beijing University of Technology, told a forum here run by the China Tibetology Research Centre.

New Delhi: A trans-Himalayan railway connecting Tibet with India and Nepal is economically and technically feasible, Chinese officials say even as Beijing looks to make Tibet an economic and cultural hub connecting China with South Asia.

“The construction of a railway crossing the Himalayan mountains is now economically and technologically feasible,” Zong Gang, deputy director of the science and technology department at Beijing University of Technology, told a forum run by the China Tibetology Research Centre in Beijing.

The Himalayan railway will start from Xigaze, a city in Tibet, run to Gyirong, a land port on the Chinese border, and extend into Nepal. But it will not be a high-speed railway, state-run China Daily quoted Chinese researchers as saying at the forum on Thursday.

China built a railway running for more than 1,100 km to connect the highland region of Tibet with the rest of the country in 2006 and extended it to Xigaze with an additional 250-km rail link connecting the city to Tibetan provincial capital Lhasa.

China now mulls a rail link to both Nepal and Yadong, a Tibetan county close to Sikkim border. Chinese officials say that in future it can be connected to India. The daily on Friday published a map with railway line linking Xigaze with Yadong and Burang, both closer to Indian borders in Sikkim and Uttarakhand, and Gyirong, bordering Nepal.

The altitude at Gyirong port is 2,800 meters above sea level, while the Gyirong mountain pass to Nepal lies at about 1,800 meters, making the railway geographically feasible, Zong said. In contrast, Lhasa, where China has built a railway network, is about 3,700 meters above sea level and the altitude at Xigaze is about 3,800 meters.

The rail line extension between Xigaze and Nepal border was agreed to this year during visit of then Nepalese Prime Minister K P Sharma Oli, who signed transit treaty with China in a bid to reduce landlocked Nepal’s dependence on India for supplies. Oli was perceived as being sympathetic to China.

But the fall of the Oli government and the election of Pushpa Kamal Dahal alias Prachanda as new prime minister has raised anxieties in Beijing over the return of India’s influence in the Himalayan nation and the fate of a number of connectivity projects.

“Once Prachanda takes power, he is bound to rectify Oli’s pro-China tendency when in government and take India’s interests into account, as India is sour about losing its grip on Nepal,” according to an article in the state-run Global Times published on 29 July.

“The fixed agreements between China and the Oli government are unlikely to be changed, or it will deal a heavy blow to bilateral ties, which is too much for the new government to bear,” it said.


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